bill-of-rights-scrollRatification ~ from the Latin ratus =fixed and facere =to make

In 1789 when Thomas Jefferson was living in Paris as the U.S. ambassador to France, he became concerned that the relatively new Constitution consisted of few plain-spoken guarantees of personal liberty. Individual states had their own versions they followed, but not the county as a whole. Given the year, my guess his concern stemmed from his being exposed to the discontent on the eve of the French Revolution.

Jefferson wrote James Madison and asked him to propose to Congress a bill of rights of some kind. Madison agreed and whipped up a thoughtful list of twelve salient points on personal liberty for consideration. Not everyone was in agreement. In fact, only 10 of the 12 proposed amendments were passed by a two-thirds majority (one would later be passed in 1992. The other never made it). On this date in1791, Virginia became the tenth of fourteen states to give approval for the Amendments to the U.S. Constitution’s Bill of Rights. 

The actual wording is meatier and broader in scope, but here they are in a nutshell:

1. free speech, religion choice, and right to assemble
2. free to have a well-regulated militia
3. freedom from forced housing of soldiers
4. freedom from search and seizure without probable cause
5. not be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process
6. the right to a speedy and public trial
7. the right of trial by jury preserved in suits of common law
8. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted
9. protection of implicit rights such as privacy
10. keep state’s rights

There are now 27 constitutional amendments. Were you to compare and contrast them all, particularly the first ten, to events over the last 13 years you’d be outraged. And rightfully so. Last week we were shown shameful abuses to #4, 5, 6, 8, especially #8, that have been happening for years. As an American who believes in civil liberties as granted by our Constitution, I don’t have words for how sad, ashamed, and disappointed this makes me.

If we don’t understand the Bill of Rights it’s impossible to understand civil liberties under the law. If we don’t understand civil liberties then abuses of our liberties occur.

This is entertaining if not a little artistically polished. It even says so in the opening

Quiz and History for Bill of Rights Day December 15

Find the full list of Amendments on Wiki


Vintage Greetings

holi6As mentioned earlier this month, my husband and I are building a vintage postcard scrapbook — one postcard at a time. The album covers 100 years from 1860 to 1960 and has many slots yet to be filled. In the spirit of the season from now until New Year’s Day, I’ll share cards from my collection. Scroll down to see previous posts. Subscribe to get them in your inbox!

Hmm…It’s plain to see why he eventually got himself a sled.



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RB4U purpleToday is Author Fran Lee’s blog day.

Romance Books ‘4’ Us ~
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About ~RoseAnderson

Rose Anderson is an award-winning author and dilettante who loves great conversation and delights in discovering interesting things to weave into stories. Rose also writes under the pen name Madeline Archer.
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2 Responses to Ratified~

  1. treknray says:

    The postcard reminds me of pictures of Atlas holding up the world.

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