Hope is the thing with feathers


booksI stumbled upon something recently that I’d never heard of before. As I was examining symbols in literature, it seemed fitting to add it to the rest. You can’t leave the topic of allegory without touching upon  the Extended Metaphor.

In Gerard Steen’s Finding Metaphor in Grammar and Usage: A Methodological Analysis of Theory and Research, he describes it thus:

“Allegory is often described as extended metaphor, but the description is only acceptable if ‘extended’ refers to the linguistic expression while ‘metaphor’ refers to the conceptual structure.”

Maybe it’s too early, but  I read that explanation and my mind still goes huh? Then I found another explanation and understood.

A metaphor is a figure of speech that uses two very different concepts, or two concepts that are not connected in any way, to draw a comparison between the two.

This explanation went on to use the moon to illustrate the broader concept of the extended metaphor:

“One can compare one’s temperament to the moon–and then describe certain qualities of the moon such as pale, bright etc to describe their mood. In this case, the moon and one’s temperament are in no way connected, but a connect is made by merging the two completely different concepts.

 Take the same example forward to understand what an extended metaphor is. When the moon and one’s temperament are continued to be compared throughout the work of art, and are not simply limited to a single line, it becomes an example of an extended metaphor. In this example, the different qualities of the moon, like the shape, color or the brightness, and the different qualities of a person’s life are used to draw a parallel–in that way it becomes an extended metaphor.”

Ooh I get it. I’ve seen this symbolic word-dance before in books I’ve read, especially in poetry. It’s a long wandering babble of creative comparison that somehow makes sense in the end. Shakespeare did it all the time. So did Carl Sandburg, Emily Dickinson,  and Robert Frost.

Example:

Fog by Carl Sandburg

The fog comes in on little cat feet.
It sits looking over the harbor and city
on silent haunches
and then, moves on.

Hope by Emily Dickinson

Hope is the thing with feathers
That perches in the soul,
And sings the tune–without the words,
And never stops at all,
And sweetest in the gale is heard;
And sore must be the storm
That could abash the little bird
That kept so many warm.
I’ve heard it in the chillest land,
And on the strangest sea;
Yet, never, in extremity,
It asked a crumb of me.

The Road Not Taken by Robert Frost
Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,
And sorry I could not travel both
And be one traveler, long I stood
And looked down one as far as I could
To where it bent in the undergrowth;

Then took the other, as just as fair,
And having perhaps the better claim
Because it was grassy and wanted wear,
Though as for that the passing there
Had worn them really about the same,

And both that morning equally lay
In leaves no step had trodden black.
Oh, I kept the first for another day!
Yet knowing how way leads on to way
I doubted if I should ever come back.

I shall be telling this with a sigh
Somewhere ages and ages hence:
Two roads diverged in a wood, and I,
I took the one less traveled by,
And that has made all the difference.

😀 They were all painting with words. How else can you describe it? Alone, words are humble symbols for thought. To be able to string them together to create such vivid images is one thing, but to convey broader or deeper meaning in the reader’s mind with precise metaphor is quite another. It truly is a gift, and something to aspire to!

Tomorrow: Funday!

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bee1I’m all over the web with my satellite blogs this weekend. If two things are listed for one blog, that’s one on Saturday and one on Sunday. Scroll back to see what you’ve missed.  😀

Seductive Studs& Sirens & Weekend Writing Warriors http://theancillarymuse.blogspot.com/

Sneak Peek Sunday
http://calliopeswritingtablet.blogspot.com/

Set the Scene in Six (open author promo – come leave yours!) http://exquisitequills.blogspot.com/

My Sexy Saturday & Sexy Snippets
http://calliopesotherwritingtablet.blogspot.com/

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Another 100 Things Blogging Challenge! For 100 days, I’ll post something from my chosen topic: Words on the Verge of Extinction. There are 82 entries to come.

Here’s one for today:

Tussicate (verb entered language 1598-1890)

to cough

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4 Us iconToday we have guest author Sharon Hamilton.
http://romancebooks4us.blogspot.com/

All through January the RB4U authors are doing interviews. The thoughtful questions are a great way to get to know us. Commenting that day gives you a chance to win a collectable t-shirt. Come see!

Right now the COLD SNOW, HOT ROMANCE CONTEST is on! Three winners will each receive a $25 gift card for Amazon/Barnes & Noble, and split the other prizes randomly picked from prize list. Be sure to check all our pages for news about authors and their books, publishers and their books, and industry representatives. http://www.romancebooks4us.com/

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Today’s Author Interview: Iris Astres
Several promotional opportunities for romance authors can be found on my Exquisite Quills group blogs. Meet the founding authors and our guests.

http://exquisitequills.blogspot.com/

Exquisite Quills Yahoo Group

First Kiss Wednesday ~ share your best 300 word kiss.
Set the Scene in Six~ share your backdrop or lead-up on Sundays.
The Genesis of a Book ~ share the spark that ignited your novel
Author Interviews ~
We’re booking late spring now.

EQ-RR.banner Today’s guest author: Karen McCullough
http://eq-recycled-reviews.blogspot.com/
A new place for your old stars to shine 😀

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all7books-smallLove Waits in Unexpected Places – Scorching Samplings of Unusual Love Stories
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Sample my love stories for free!

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About ~RoseAnderson

Rose Anderson is an award-winning author and dilettante who loves great conversation and delights in discovering interesting things to weave into stories. Rose also writes under the pen name Madeline Archer.
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4 Responses to Hope is the thing with feathers

  1. melissakeir says:

    What a great way to describe metaphors. They are so hard to explain and find in text because unlike similes, they don’t have a key word. I love poetry and wrote a lot of it before writing novellas. I love the imagery and limited use of words.

    Thanks for sharing!

    • I’m glad you’re enjoying the posts. My friends and I gather for poetry nights and do a sort of round robin where the notebook gets passed and a poem is added to. We get some great poems out of that, even with ten different minds contributing.

  2. Round robin poetry sounds like a lot of fun. I’ll keep that in mind for an upcoming get together. You are a fountain of refreshing thoughts and information, Rose.

    • Thanks for the compliment. Oh you should have one, it’s a hoot. Everyone brings their stack on poetry books and they all go in the center of the table. Then we peruse and share nuggets that catch our eye. We all wear berets too. And snap our fingers for especially good poems. It’s a fun night. Berets are hard to come by these days. One of the guys, a big ol’ bear of a man, found one that’s white and covered with sequins. Now that’s truly hysterical.

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